Accession Number ：361898
Author ：Richalet, J.P. Kacimi, R. Antezana, A.M.
Title ：The control of cardiac chronotropic function in hypobaric hypoxia.
Source ：International journal of sports medicine 13(Suppl. 1), Oct 1992, S22-S24
English Abstract ：
Altitude hypoxia induces an increase in adrenergic activity in humans. However, a decrease in maximal heart rate is observed after a few days of exposure to altitudes above 3500 m, as well as a decrease in chronotropic response to isoproterenol infusion. This phenomenon has been linked to a desensitization of beta-adrenoceptors (beta AR), and/or an increase in parasympathetic activity. A decrease in the density of beta AR in chronic hypoxia has been found in rat left ventircle and in human lymphocytes, without modification of the affinity of beta AR for an agonist or antagonist, and a decreased adenylate cyclase activity in the right ventricle. In the same conditions, the density of adenosine A1 receptors is decreased by 46 percent in rat myocardium, without alteration in the coupling between hormone, receptor and Gi protein. The density of muscarinic receptors is increased by 40 percent, with an increase in the affinity for an agonist, suggesting an augmented parasympathetic effect. Hypoxia probably acts on all the receptors involved in the modulation of cardiac chronotropic activity; the combined effects of chronic hypoxia on these receptors tend to a beneficial limitation of myocardial oxygen consumption, especially during heavy exercise.